Monday, August 5, 2013

Surveying and Project Management The Importance of Surveying Engineering

Before doing any project , it is important to ensure that a proper survey done . Surveys help you create a clear action plan on how to proceed with your project and ensure its success . Engineering surveys dealing with every aspect of the engineering design such as topography , building layout , etc. professional engineering surveys tend to be much more detailed than that done by civil engineers , and serve an additional purpose as well .

The main objectives of the engineering survey is to find out more about the site before or after construction is completed . It can be used by architects , builders and civil engineers to prepare a basic plan . Survey techniques is essential for all large -scale construction projects such as railways , roads , dams , bridges and planned residential areas . Civil engineers in particular rely heavily on them to ensure that the perfect plan .

This survey can be divided into different categories depending on their purpose . Typically , they fall into three main categories : design , planning and construction . Planning Surveys conducted before construction begins on a particular site . They include channel alignment survey and investigation surveys covering the channel cross section , valleys , trenches , and vertical control surveys reservoir area . Survey forms help engineers gain a complete picture of the situation of the site . Once the planning is done , the survey design was to examine the feasibility of the project , and make changes if necessary .

Construction survey is an important part of the survey and project management and they can be done both during and after completion of the work . They serve to keep a check on the entire construction process to ensure that all relevant standards are met . They also can be used for building maintenance , after construction is completed . Some examples of the types of surveys including emergency spillway , the main valve , the existing channel and levee survey .

Surveys can be done using a variety of methods . One of the newest and most effective way of surveying engineering using a technique called LIDAR survey . This technique uses a 3D scanner to provide accurate measurements of both the interior and exterior of the building . However , this method can only be used once the construction is completed . Professional surveyors use theodolites , Dopplers , total stations and GPS devices to ensure that they are properly executed assignment .

The area where surveys were conducted to determine the tool used by surveyors . Differential leveling and tripod mounted telescopes to measure the length and angle . Trigonometric leveling using various mathematical equations to help with the survey . Survey is a complicated process and conducted by a team of specialists including planning engineers , field engineers and hydrologists .

As you can see , proper survey is an important part of project management . If you need engineering survey done , make sure that you hire the services of a trained professional and famous . Remember that only a survey conducted by a certified and licensed surveyors considered quite good .

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